Global Black History presents the political life of Zambia's Kenneth Kaunda. Kenneth David Kaunda, born April 28, 1924 in Lubwa, near Chinsali, Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) is a politician who led Zambia to independence in 1964 and served as that country’s president until 1991. Read more @ http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2012/10/zambias-own-kenneth-kaunda.html
Views: 6610 GlobalBlackHistory
Next time you hear western countries especially England, France, Belgium and Portugal discuss how much money they give in aid, ask when they will pay back what they stole. We will explore how history can help us answer the following question: Why are the people with the most natural wealth not so well off when the people with the least natural wealth enjoy the highest standards of living? http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/04/dont-give-africa-aid-pay-back-stole.html
Views: 8671 GlobalBlackHistory
Global Black History presents the Forgotten kingdoms of southern Africa. The forgotten history of powerful African kingdoms is intriguing because it serves as evidence of a thriving African people before colonialism. Most of these ancient kingdoms in southern Africa have been linked to periods between 1100 and 1600 A.D which was well before European settlers settled at any point in Southern Africa. Our focus is Great Zimbabwe in Zimbabwe, Mapungubwe and Thulamela in present day South Africa.
Views: 4265 GlobalBlackHistory
Global Black History presents The Mutapa State. The Mutapa state was one of Western Mozambique and present day Zimbabwe’s greatest kingdoms. The Mutapa state is believed to have been an Iron Age state which spanned across three centuries till its decline in the 19th century.
Views: 3263 GlobalBlackHistory
In 1979, William Arthur Lewis became the first black man to win a Nobel Prize in Economics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize, along with Theodore Schultz, for “pioneering research into economic development.” Sir Arthur Lewis was a pioneer in the field of development economics. He developed the Dual Sector Model and the Theory of Economic Growth. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/09/forgotten-history-economist-sir-william-arthur-lewis.html
Views: 2062 GlobalBlackHistory
Lesotho is a landlocked country within a country (South Africa) but remains a sovereign nation. The nation of Lesotho is exceptional because it is one of the few countries on earth where most of the people own their own homes. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2017/09/a-brief-history-of-lesotho-and-king-moshoeshoe.html (Recorded with https://screencast-o-matic.com)
Views: 887 GlobalBlackHistory
Global Black History presents the role of Africans in World War 2. Thousands of colonized Africans were involuntarily conscripted to fight for the allies during World War 2. Most of the Africans were fighting for the British who were a major colonial power at the time. Most of the Africans recruited by the British came from British East Africa, British Somaliland, British West Africa, the Indian Empire, Northern Rhodesia, Nyasaland, the Mandate of Palestine, South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, Sudan.
Views: 1336 GlobalBlackHistory
A speech by Kenya’s Professor Patrick Loch Otieno Lumumba
Views: 1852 GlobalBlackHistory
European missionaries especially from Portugal, France, Britain, and Germany went to Africa under the premise of going to convert the locals to Christianity. However, they actually aided in the colonization of Africans by Europeans. In many cases Christian conversion looked more like European Capitalist conversion.
Views: 13890 GlobalBlackHistory
Some historians argue that if churches had used their power, the Atlantic slave trade might have never occurred. By the same logic, others argue that the Catholic church and Catholic missionaries could have also helped to prevent the colonization and brutality of colonialism in Africa. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2015/11/the-role-of-the-roman-catholic-church-in-slavery.html
Views: 3357 GlobalBlackHistory
One of the biggest upsets in political history occurred this December 2016 in the West African nation of Gambia which borders Senegal. Adama Barrow, a real estate businessman unseated long time dictator Yahya Jammeh. President Jammeh took over power in a coup 22 years ago and like many leaders before him had proclaimed that he would rule for a billion years. The billion years lasted 22 years. So who is this man who unseated the strongman of Gambia? Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/12/little-know-facts-gambias-president-elect-adama-barrow.html
Views: 1046 GlobalBlackHistory
By 1959, the Congo (now Democratic Republic of Congo- DRC) was producing about 9% of the world’s copper, 6.5% of the tin, 49% of the cobalt, 69% of the world’s industrial diamonds. 53million pounds worth of palm oil, cotton and coffee were exported from the country. By this time, the Belgian government had little oversight over the colony’s affairs. The colony was governed by a handful of Belgian officials, church leaders and businessmen who were rarely scrutinized. However, it was the Africans who were making this the wealthiest colony in Africa at the time. Every male was required to provide sixty days of free labor to the state’s efforts. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/10/independence-congo-1959-1960.html
Views: 3037 GlobalBlackHistory
Global Black History presents the origins of the Ndebele in Zimbabwe. The Ndebele are descendants of the Khumalo people who lived under the rule of Shaka in present day South Africa. They got their name ‘Ndebele’ during their association with the Sotho people in the Transvaal region. The name ‘Ndebele’ meant strangers from the coast. The breakaway of the Ndebele from Shaka has been attributed to their leader Mzilikazi.
Views: 21689 GlobalBlackHistory
After the Anglo-Boer war of 1899-1902, Britain controlled South Africa. During this time there were huge labor shortages so the British passed laws to force African farmers off the land to become migrant laborers so they could pay taxes imposed on them. However, black citizens had no political rights and most of the wealth of the country was controlled by white citizens. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/10/south-africas-native-land-act-1913.html
Views: 1732 GlobalBlackHistory
Prior to colonialism, food production in Africa was in the hands of African farmers who grew crops mainly for food production. Many explorers to Africa were more focused on acquiring and shipping raw materials to the western world and considered this the most efficient use of their resources. Over time this way of conducting business became expensive and they sought to diversify ways to increase their profits. More often than not, private companies such as the Royal Niger Company, Imperial British East Africa Company, and British South Africa Company incurred high costs in trying to set up a new administration that would protect their interests. These new administrations often introduced tax systems and laws that forced local farmers to grow crops they could openly sell on the local market in order to pay their taxes. This led to the introduction of cash crop agriculture in many parts of Africa. Learn more at http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/07/early-history-cash-crop-agriculture-africa-1880-1930.html
Views: 1582 GlobalBlackHistory
In 1921, the Young Kikuyu Association was formed by Harry Thuku. Thuku demanded African participation in laws concerning wages, land, and taxes. The Young Kikuyu Association had thousands of paid members who were mobilized to fight against chiefs who were working with the British and against unfair labor conditions.
Views: 720 GlobalBlackHistory
It is time for us to start questioning the type of crops we are growing in many parts of Africa. Traditionally, people living in this region did not have severe food shortages at the level we are currently experiencing. Therefore, a lesson in agriculture history might be useful.
Views: 927 GlobalBlackHistory
Despite the image many try to sell of Mahatma Gandhi (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi), he was a racist. A racist is a person who believes that a particular race is superior to another. Gandhi’s writings prove just that. His writings clearly show he felt Indian people were superior to Africans and often used the derogatory term ‘kaffir’ to describe Africans to strengthen his case against racism perpetrated towards Indians particularly in South Africa. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/09/racism-mahatma-gandhi.html
Views: 1759 GlobalBlackHistory
One of the most famous wars of resistance against the Germans was carried out by the Herero and Nama people in what is now present day Namibia. German treatment of the Herero and Nama people was particularly brutal. Thousands of Herero were shot dead during the Herero war in 1905
Views: 10342 GlobalBlackHistory
Global Black History presents the history of early Portuguese settlers in East and Southern Africa. Portugal was a small, poor feudal society during the 15th century with underdeveloped industry and unproductive agricultural lands. This explains the early exploration of the Portuguese in Africa and other parts of the world as they searched for better opportunities. Records show that the Portuguese first made contact with Africans in East & Southern Africa around 1443.
Views: 5333 GlobalBlackHistory
n 1899, the British foreign office appointed Sir Harry Johnston as special commissioner responsible for cutting administrative costs. Commissioner Johnston concluded that Buganda and territories like it should govern themselves and be treated as allies of the British Empire. Through the agreement, Buganda became a province within the East Africa protectorate. The Ganda agreed to a hut tax and the Lukiko became the legislative body and final court of appeal. Learn more at http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/07/buganda-agreement-1900-land-tenure-protectorates.html
Views: 713 GlobalBlackHistory
Global Black History presents the role of explorers and traders in the colonization of Africa. Many explorers like David Livingstone would sign treaties with local Kings and Chiefs and this opened up more trade routes for Europeans. The reports sent by Explorers gave capitalists the impression that it was uncivilized and would benefit from European domination. The United Africa Company (UAC) was formed in 1879 by Sir George Goldie. By the early 1880s they had created a monopoly in the Niger delta area by buying out all the smaller companies in this region.
Views: 1174 GlobalBlackHistory
Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe is often portrayed ONLY as either the demon who destroyed Zimbabwe or the hero who liberated it. Perhaps by going back into history we can actually understand how Robert Mugabe came to lead the southern African nation of Zimbabwe and how his party, ZANU-PF became the powerhouse it is today. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/05/complexity-robert-mugabes-leadership-zimbabwe-1974-1990.html
Views: 3011 GlobalBlackHistory
In a quest to grow their religion around the world, Muslims set their sights on the African continent. Muslims moved in to Africa around 639 B.C. and began attempting to establish an Islamic State by using force.They mostly inhabited present day Benin, Egypt, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and the Sudan. Read more
Views: 201 GlobalBlackHistory
The wealth, power and influence of Cecil John Rhodes and De Beers was built on the back of black Africans exploited from the 1870s until now. Even in present day South Africa they continue to influence politics and government to keep their empire growing. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/09/black-labor-exploitation-rhodes-de-beers-1870.html
Views: 1598 GlobalBlackHistory
Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde were colonies of Portugal, which was determined not to let them go. The Portuguese were determined not to give up Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde and Mozambique because the colonies were great contributors to their economic well-being. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2017/06/independence-guinea-bissau-cape-verde.html
Views: 1066 GlobalBlackHistory
In 800 A.D., the capital of Ethiopia was moved from Aksum to the central highlands. From about 1000 A.D., Ethiopia exported gold and ivory to Egypt but remained a largely agriculturally based economy. From about 1150 A.D., the Zagwe kings took control and ruled over the Ethiopian region that was previously ruled by the Akusamite kings. They established the capital at Adefa in the central highlands. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2017/06/christian-kingdom-ethiopia-800-1270-d.html
Views: 216 GlobalBlackHistory
In the late 14th and early 15th century, in central Africa a kingdom rose to prominence known as the Luba dynasty. This empire was located in the southern savanna between the Kasai and Lualaba rivers in what is present day Democratic republic of Congo (DRC) and stretched into present day Zambia and Angola. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2017/12/14th-century-luba-kingdom-central-africa.html (Recorded with https://screencast-o-matic.com)
Views: 153 GlobalBlackHistory
On March 16, 1984, Mozambique was forced to sign a special treaty with the apartheid government of South Africa known as the Nkomati Agreement. Mozambique promised not to allow the ANC (African National Congress) or any other South African liberation movements to operate within its borders. In exchange South Africa was supposed to stop supporting MNR (Mozambican National Resistance) rebels. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/04/nkomati-agreement-mozambique-south-africa.html
Views: 549 GlobalBlackHistory
Views: 26 GlobalBlackHistory
The modern day nation of Chad was colonized by France during the early part of the twentieth century. Prior to French colonization, the northerners, mostly Muslims dominated Chad. However, after colonization the French encouraged the cultivation of cotton in the southern part of the country. The increase in commercial agriculture in the South gave that region changed the power dynamic between the North and the South. However, the Africans were never content with colonial rule. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2017/07/brief-history-chad-tombalbaye-habre-goukouni.html
Views: 4370 GlobalBlackHistory
When Uganda became independent in 1962, the government was comprised of a coalition between Prime Minister Milton Obote’s UPC (Uganda People’s Congress) and KY (Kabaka Yekka) who were mostly kabaka and Buganda traditionalists. Members of KY from the national assembly were appointed to four cabinet positions and Buganda would be a federal state. The kabaka was given the ceremonial post of President when Uganda became a republic in 1963.
Views: 5509 GlobalBlackHistory
The Portuguese were some of the earliest Europeans to establish trading posts along the coasts of East and Southern Africa. As they ventured into Africa they traveled with Catholic missionaries. Portuguese priests and Jesuits were known to accompany most early expeditions to Africa. The Franciscans made their first contact with Africans in 1402 when the explorers reached the Canary Islands. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/05/portuguese-catholic-missionaries-mbanza-kongo-africa.html
Views: 855 GlobalBlackHistory
Tribalism, Everything foreign is good, the elders are always right, polygamy as an acceptable form of family structure, polypreneurship is entrepreneurship, term limits are not important in a democracy, political dynasties, Independence generation leaders are infallible, good leadership is unAfrican, Colonialism is resposible for all problems.
Views: 402 GlobalBlackHistory
In 1964, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form what is now known as Tanzania. Tanganyika became independent in 1961 and Julius Nyerere was its first Prime Minister. Two years after Tanganyika became independent; Zanzibar also attained its independence. Following the revolution, President Nyerere proposed that Tanganyika and Zanzibar form a union to which Karume agreed leading to the formation of Tanzania in April 1964. Learn more at http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/08/from-tanganyika-to-tanzania.html
Views: 2729 GlobalBlackHistory
After Independence, then Prime Minister, Robert Mugabe retained officials of the former Rhodesian government. They included Ken Flower, head of Central Intelligence Organization (CIO) who had previously attempted to assassinate him during the struggle for independence. The CIO were responsible for establishing and supplying RENAMO- the Mozambican National Resistance for counter Mozambique’s support for ZANU and its ZANLA forces. Mugabe also appointed Emerson Mnangagwa as Minister for State Security. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/10/robert-mugabes-reconciliation-experiment-1980-1982.html
Views: 1224 GlobalBlackHistory
President Magufuli's new strategy for Tanzania is reform of the tax system and promoting manufacturing, both of which have been proven as effective strategies in this century. Magufuli who is the democratically elected President of Tanzania and nicknamed the bulldozer is not shy about his goal of ensuring a successful Tanzania in the 21st century. He has won the admiration of millions of Africans who yearn for leaders to move the continent in a positive direction.
Views: 106 GlobalBlackHistory
After Independence, Kenya retained the British system of administration that had been used during colonialism. Many members of KADU (Kenya African Democratic Union) joined the ruling KANU (Kenya African National Union). The Kenya African National Union (KANU) favored a centralized government approach and soon became a one party state. Learn more http://www.globalblackhistory.com/2016/10/political-history-kenyas-kanu-kadu-kdp-1960s.html
Views: 1025 GlobalBlackHistory
While trade between Africa and the rest of the world in the 1800s is often associated with slave trade, there were other types of trade taking place during the same period. Many African states along the coast and in the inner parts traded in palm oil, groundnuts and rubber. As Europe began to industrialize, demand for palm oil and other vegetable oils increased as well.
Views: 264 GlobalBlackHistory