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Capitalism and Socialism: Crash Course World History #33

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Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! Visit http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set to buy a set for your home or classroom. In which John Green teaches you about capitalism and socialism in a way that is sure to please commenters from both sides of the debate. Learn how capitalism arose from the industrial revolution, and then gave rise to socialism. Learn about how we got from the British East India Company to iPhones and consumer culture in just a couple of hundred years. Stops along the way include the rise of industrial capitalism, mass production, disgruntled workers, Karl Marx, and the Socialist Beard. The socialist reactions to the ills of capitalism are covered as well, and John discusses some of the ideas of Karl Marx, and how they've been implemented or ignored in various socialist states. Plus, there are robots! Resources: The Relentless Revolution by Joyce Appelby: http://dft.ba/-appelby The Marx-Engels Reader: http://dft.ba/-marxengels Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
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Text Comments (31257)
caitanya vallabh (8 hours ago)
John is a closet leftist. And I love him for it.
matthewgoodman1 (2 days ago)
How many people have died to to communism?
Andy Bird (3 days ago)
If you Google Comte de st Simon you find that literally everyone calls him Henri de St Simon.
Marcel Huchwajda (4 days ago)
The gentle laborer shall suffer no longer!
Sani Ayọ (4 days ago)
John Green supports capitalism because he has books to sell.
Nutcrackercs (5 days ago)
Tell that to anyone besides golden billion. Today's standard of living was created by both socialism and capitalism but most of all by science. Main argument is a beard - very understandable. Current system turns people into idiots, encourages them not to think but believe
Abhay Sharma (5 days ago)
For student like me crash course is a Temple and John and Hank are gods.
Jessica Steel (6 days ago)
toooo much waffle
Riven Fish (6 days ago)
Keith Osborn (7 days ago)
I've been waiting for this episode. Better get some juice.
menteith chronnos (8 days ago)
Tom Brady teach you history...
M Clarke (8 days ago)
... You have disappointed me
Vlad Xavier (11 days ago)
Capitalism is greed. Socialism is envy. And envy is deadly.
Gregarious Dukakis (12 days ago)
I just wanted to hear about Capitalism but I didn’t know you were a Communist that’s all you talked about was Socialism and communist
Napoleon Bonaparte (13 days ago)
I'm a fascist but I like this guy tbh
Michael Rice (15 days ago)
Capitalism can be decent if it has a gun to its head. Capitalists need to be afraid enough of losing what they have altogether, to be willing to pay people enough to be happy with what they have. In the US, we had this in effect during the cold war. Labor got all kinds of concessions because we genuinely feared communism enough to make capitalism bearable. We were able to say that capitalism made everyone better off, and that seemed to be the case. However, since the fall of Communism, capitalism has been gradually shifting back to what it was in the 19th Century.
Joe Maidment (15 days ago)
This guy talks way too fast
Matt Olivier (16 days ago)
You were close, but not exact. Capitalism is not a system actually, it's the absence of a system. Capitalism is the free exchange of goods or services without coercion. Therefore, capitalism can't exist with a gov't, which is coercive. Socialism is a form of collectivism which can only exist when there is a gov't. Socialism is immoral.
Jacob Vecchio (17 days ago)
I'm sick of people using Venezuela as an example of why socialism doesn't work the upper class still holds all the wealth!
Ashley T1NO (17 days ago)
Global Regent later today ‼️
Adrian_ Zombturtle (18 days ago)
Did he change ?
Spirit Gabrielle (18 days ago)
2018 anybody?
dotteldattel (19 days ago)
Die Proletarier dieser Welt haben nichts zu verlieren als ihre Ketten. Sie haben eine Welt zu gewinnen. Proletarier aller Länder, vereinigt euch!
TheyCallMe Doug (21 days ago)
This video explained very little..
Thaddeus Robley (21 days ago)
He points out that children had to work in this newly industrialised capitalist society. What did children do throughout all of human society previous to capitalism
William Simmons (22 days ago)
To fully appreciated why Socialism is immoral and the only moral economic system is a free market such as free market capitalism, one must have an appreciation of the fundamental truths of human existence. Thomas Jefferson understood it and so did Martin Luther King. Thus, such truth is race independent. Consider this: “We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.” Wow, what a powerful thought. What such means is all rights that humans enjoy come from “God” (or our “Creator”) and do not come from government. Notably, there was a time before governments and those people had rights. Let us examine the big three natural rights. LIFE: We are born with 5 biological sensors (sight, sound, touch, taste, smell) and such sensors are connected to a very nice brain. Such allows us to sense the world around us. Life does not come from government, by definition, we are given LIFE at birth. But life is not enough. We must all strive to be more than we are - hopefully the goal is to become the perfect human. While such a goal is not achievable trying to achieve such goal still has value for the effort yields its own rewards. We become better humans for the effort. So we are also given LIBERTY. LIBERTY: Our brain and sensors are placed in a very nice body that can move around our environment and interact with our environment and other humans in our environment. We are born free (LIBERTY) so that we can use our LIFE to explore its meaning and hopefully seek its perfection. LIBERTY does NOT come from government, but it can be taken by government. Pursuit of Happiness (PROPERTY): I will call this attribute “PROPERTY”. We use our LIFE and LIBERTY to move around our environment and interact with other humans in the pursuit of happiness/PROPERTY. Restated, we use our Life (brain) and Liberty and add our labor to natural resources to create things that make us happy. Such “things” are created by our efforts and become our property in a moral world. LIFE, LIBERTY, and PROPERTY – the “Big Three” unalienable natural rights (there are more) that come from our creator, NOT government. Again, there was a time before governments and such people did not simply mill around wishing they had LIFE, LIBERTY, and PROPERTY. There is a problem all humans must solve: MORALITY. Humans are born with a necessary “flaw”; the instinct to avoid pain. What? Avoiding pain is a good thing - it keeps us healthy and safe. True but such means humans will tend to take the least painful path when possible and most humans consider work pain. Such means a human will abuse the rights of others to get what the human wants instead of working for what the human wants if abusing the rights of others is less painful than working. Human history is full of war, abuse, criminal behavior and associated penal lore to prove the truth of such position. There are two motivations that keep humans from abusing others; (1) moral enlightenment and/or (2) threat of punishment. Moral enlightenment is the art of self-discipline. A moral person does not abuse the natural rights of another because the moral person believes violating the rights of others is wrong. And no matter what some contend, morality, like math, is universal. For example, 2 plus 2 is 4. Such was true the moment time began, it was true a million years ago, it is true today and it will be true the day time ends for all universes that have ever existed, that exist today or ever will exist. Similarly, what is moral today was moral the day time began, was moral a million years ago and will be moral the day time ends for all societies in all universes that have ever existed, that exist today or ever will exist. Morality is not relative no matter what some contend. Some societies are more moral than others. Indeed, it is unlikely any society is perfectly moral and it is unlikely any two societies are equality moral. We are humans, after all. Now knowing what is moral (the moral action) is often difficult. Thus, over time, humans developed moral codes called “religion” to help pass moral truths from on generation to the next. All religions are not the same which means one religion will be more or less moral than another. It would be great if religion worked perfectly for if it did there would be no need for government. But there is evil in the world and evil people will abuse others to get what they desire. Thus, groups of individuals began to pool their collective power to better protect their individual natural rights. We call these collectives “governments”. Just as all religions are not equally moral all governments are not equally moral. And over time people have developed many forms of government with different levels of moral enlightenment. I submit that the most moral government is the government that best protects the natural rights of humans which will be reflected in its economic prosperity in the LONG RUN. But who protects us from government? Ideally, in a perfect world or government, what is legal is also moral. Please note, however, governments are run by humans who are not perfect. Once in power those in power will want to live off the work of others instead of working – the fundamental human flaw. How do we protect ourselves from immoral government agents? Our founding fathers recognized that the “BIG THREE” (and more) natural rights are gifts (from GOD) and precede all human legislation and governments, and thus, natural rights are superior to ALL government legislation. Restated, LIFE, LIBERTY, and PROPERTY do not exist because government granted them to humans. Governments came into existence to help humans protect their natural rights (LIFE, LIBERTY, PROPERTY) - rights that are unalienable and existed before governments. Our founding fathers further understood that all governments would tend to violate such rights over time and the government agents would become the criminals that violate the rights of the governed. So, they drafted a Constitution and formed a constitutional republic based in natural rights and designed to protect the natural rights of “We the People”. Notably, the Constitution does not grant RIGHTS to the people. The Constitution limits the power of government agents to violate the RIGHTS of We The People. For example, the second amendment does NOT grant We the People the right to bear arms. We are born with such right as such tools are needed to protect our right to LIFE. For what is the right to LIFE if not the right to protect same? The second amendment simply reminds the government, and its leaders and its lawyers in black robes that WE THE PEOPLE do not grant government agents the power to take our guns nor do we need permission from the government to own guns (in a moral government). And it does not matter how many people vote to take my guns, for example, my right to LIFE is unalienable even in the face of a 99% vote to take my guns. Such is the major difference between a Constitutional Republic and the "might makes right" majority vote of a pure democracy or any other form of tyranny. Granted, in todays government such concept has been perverted and tyrants in power violate such right at will as we move ever closer to a "might makes right" form of government. That said, our constitutional republic has worked well because it was based in honor and respect for the individual’s natural rights which are superior to ALL human legislation. Restated, no matter how CLEVER those in power are, they cannot honorably or morally justify any action or "LAW" that violates a person's natural rights. The majority does not rule here. I do not care how many lawyers the government wraps in black robes, how many guns it gives to police, legislation is always below NATURAL RIGHTS. And such worked well in the past as what was legal was usually also moral. Thus, the US Constitution in our constitutional republic is supposed to prevent the majority from voting to implement any law that violates the natural rights of WE THE PEOPLE. The majority, or mob rule, is simply to have the power to create rules of “LAW” that tend to establish where one person’s natural rights end and a second person’s natural rights begin so that WE THE PEOPLE can go about our day fairly pursuing and perfecting our lives without abusing others. Our laws are supposed to be moral and make it more painful to steal than to work, for example.
The Dorsey Team (22 days ago)
Love your videos but you talk WAY to fast
Siaf ncr (22 days ago)
kelenken 21 (23 days ago)
God's way if determining who is smart and who is poor
Engineer Ahmed (23 days ago)
Best system is contribution based socialism where everyone gets necessities without having to work hence noone can exploit another but the more sb contribute & impact society positively & adds value (like doctors & STEM people) be rewarded superior lifestyle encouraging people to build & do more & tax people who put more burden on society like eg KID TAX on parents as kid put more burden on society.
Engineer Ahmed No the best system is a capitalist one. Wtf are you even trying to say.
Engineer Ahmed (23 days ago)
Y can't he say the truth CAPITALISM=Aristrocracy & financial Slavery of the rest through exploitation 1. With machines doing work & only productive employees retaining jobs 90% real jobs cut. with 90% revenue going to 1% aristocrat's circle who could afford Machines 2. 90% jobsless People left with no option but to PROSTITUTE, BE PERSONAL SERVANTS, SELL ORGANS & KIDS. How else is slavery is defined? 3. 90 % people can unite to tear apart & snatch 90% wealth of these 1 % aristocrats. So to relieve the growing tension among 90%, 1% aristocrats introduce democracy. 4. But they know, they being 1% stand no chance against 90%. So with money they r the only ones who can afford to run presedential campagns plus introduce PRIVATE MEDIA to build favorable opinion & FEMINISM (skew system to favor females) to not only win 50% population (females) votes. but... 5.They couple female liberation & empowerment, divorce encouragement & single mom free lavish accommodation WITH 200 $ hourly FEMALE PROSTITUTION RATE. meaning all society females land in their bed too - same prevalege as was enjoyed by lords & royalty 6. Now being in power, lastly they employ strict laws & police to protect themselves & assets & to effectively slave all of us.
Ray Truter (24 days ago)
No South Sudan on that Globe. It was 2012 when this came out!
64786 Lamar (24 days ago)
sparky4 insano (25 days ago)
go to GULAG
DM 777 (25 days ago)
There is only one thing to learn from this video... we should all understand this: ALASKA IS FAR AND COLD AND YOU SHOULD ONLY GO THERE WITH SOMEONE YOU KNOW WELL !
Kristian Brandt (26 days ago)
You're not even remotely explaining socialism.
Kyle Hankins (26 days ago)
you were a communist in college
Marco Continanza (27 days ago)
Very well done
EyesOfTheLion 11 (27 days ago)
I think you didn't speak fast enough. You should try speaking much faster so that people would actually be able to understand you.
Sue Damonus (27 days ago)
Socialism 1. Kills economic growth 2. Stifles freedom of speech 3. Causes divisions among people 4. Claims the means justifies the ends 5. It leads to an increasingly tyrannical government
Patrick Norris (27 days ago)
Wtf happened with him and a girl in Alaska?
Tulsa Fox (27 days ago)
And the government sucks at every business it touches
flyguy 11545 (29 days ago)
Socialism is a terrible idea, should've been more harsh on it
Ahmed Hassam (29 days ago)
God damn it paul my english isn't that good but come on it was like i was listening to a speeded record or something
Itz Daniel (30 days ago)
Neither is good but I prefer socialism
Itz Daniel where do you live.
JumperWC (30 days ago)
Capitalism is WRONG! EAT THE RICH!!!
Sue Damonus (30 days ago)
The United Nations has estimated that nearly 1 million Venezuelans the country left between 2015 and 2017. Socialism always fails....
Bean Screen (30 days ago)
I want seas of lemonade
Leo Boss (1 month ago)
Get to the point!
Antony Marx (1 month ago)
I'm anarcho-capitalism. Anarcho-capitalism is about private property, free market, voluntary exchanges. The state, on the other hand, is the greatest violator of freedom and initiator of aggression when it robs the citizen through taxes, regulations, taxation, confiscation to survive, since this produces nothing and holds the monopoly of force. I am Brazilian and, in my country, we live a corporatism moving to a socialism, that is destroying my country. Several people each year go away to more economically free countries to work, invest, produce. Venezuela, my neighbor, socialism was implanted and the country turned to chaos, hunger, unemployment, violence and a dictatorial regime. regime initiated by Hugo Chaves and maintained by his successor Nicolas Maduro. In Brazil, we can not bear arms to defend ourselves, every dictatorial government began disarming its population: Hitler in Germany, Stalin in the former USSR, Fidel Castro in Cuba, Mao tse tung in China.
annarboriter (1 month ago)
too much emphasis on the Capitalist state of mind and not enough emphasis on New World domesticated food plants as mechanisms that allowed specialization in agriculture and higher productivity. One reason that industrialization was delayed in the Qing empire was that the Chinese were slow to adopt potatoes, freeing excess labor from agriculture.
Dan Mueller (1 month ago)
the video is so distracting with commentary
Doug Evans (1 month ago)
It's amazing that you are treating Marx as if he is your "buddy" and that he isn't the man solely responsible for an ideology that created multiple mass murders and killed hundreds of millions of people. You are a despicable person John. And no I don't believe that you're joking, this is seriously disturbing. Also, if your choice as a child is between working to afford food or starving, then child labor while not good certainly is more preferable. There were plenty of children working in communist countries (see gulag), unemployment, long hours and all the other problems you listed aren't exclusive to any economic system. This is the most biased and extremely dishonest video I have ever watched.
Spider Meister 23 (1 month ago)
This is one of the funniest ones yet XD
The finest (1 month ago)
Girl: Do you think I'm pretty? Boy: No Girl: Do want to be with me forever? Boy: No Girl: Do u even like me? Boy: No Girl: Would u cry if i walked away? Boy: No She heard enough and was hurt... She walked away with tears in her eyes The boy grabbed her arm Boy: Your not pretty...your beautiful Boy: I dont want to be with u forever...I need to be with u forever Boy: I dont like u...I love u Boy: I wouldn't cry if u walked away......I would die if u walked away. Boy Whispers: Plz stay with me Girl: I will... *Tonight at midnight your true love will realize she/he loves u *Something good will happen to u at 1-4pm *Tomorrow it could be anywhere!!! *Get ready for the shock of your life! *If u dont post this to 5 other comments... You will have bad luck in relationships for the next 10 years
Slyguy threeonetwonine (1 month ago)
Capitalism= Equality of upward mobility. Socialism/Communism= Equality because everyone is poor, starving, and jobless. Capitalism works. Socialism/Communism as gets excuses for how it's never really be tried despite the fact that every time it has been tried it fails.
TRP (1 month ago)
better dead than red....
ice water (1 month ago)
This video is more about the evolution of social order. Not about capitalism vs Socialism as a fiscal aspect of governance.
Not clash of classes but clash of races. Iberian-Caucasian Civilization versus invading part-Neanderthals, organized by bogs-snakes type macaques that learned mark clay tablets for movement of goods... Macaques steal and plagiarize the best people and justify it by capitalism... Russia since 1947 is Antichrist that corrupt Western elite even more... Trump is KGB-burglar - they rob my inventions, including "PAL"...
Bovine One (1 month ago)
Socialism is for suckers. "Vote for me and I'll give you free stuff." Amazing that people still fall for that scam.
EJComix Productionz (1 month ago)
sorry, i only type in lowercase letters because i am a communist.
Kevin Zhou (1 month ago)
good video
Emir EC (1 month ago)
If you look at the Muslim economic system in Shariah law it is, imo, the perfect blend between capitalism and socialism It definitely leans heavily on the capitalist free market side, but it has a humanitarian aspect to it that takes the best part of socalism and implements in a way that benefits the people and doesn't harm the market Unfortunately it's not in use today
John green , cis white male lol
Nick (1 month ago)
Under socialism, everyone is equal...ly poor.
some channel for stuff (1 month ago)
Isn't it ironic that I searched up Capitalism in YouTube and there was a video that appeared under this one called "Happiness" appears?
Nick Wilson (1 month ago)
The reason the American industrial revolution had a low quality of life was because there was more workers than work so why did they need to improve pay when 30 people could take your job
DragonSpence2827 (1 month ago)
Anyone else have to watch this and take notes for History?
DragonSpence2827 (1 month ago)
Anyone else have to watch this and take notes for History?
Nishant Thapa (1 month ago)
Capitalism makes the rich richer and the poor poorer. Justify this...if you can.
Joshua Blackwood (1 month ago)
cyκα blαt
Joshua Abercrombie (1 month ago)
universal healthcare doesn't work
cem oğuz (1 month ago)
I wonder when a comunist explanes capitalism
Pranav Kamthe (1 month ago)
thanks for doing these videos you know, it provides a fantastic way to list down topics to be explored.
commumist power 115 (1 month ago)
Capitalism work *PURE CAPITALISM* doesn't not work socialism is for only power only socialist country that work is *yugoslavia*
Captain Smek (1 month ago)
I'm an anarcho-capitalist.
Capitalism is for the innovative hardworking businessmen. Socialism is for the low class freeloading labors.
Michael Fregoso (1 month ago)
I personally would have liked a little bit more in depth info on socialism. After Bernie Sanders so many of us are considering ideas that we never thought possible before.
Chris Henderson (1 month ago)
Andy F. (1 month ago)
Socialism doesn't work.
Justin Lumpkin (1 month ago)
I like how every time he says "we only have 12 minutes" the video is 14 minutes long, and when he says "we only have 10 minutes" the video is 12 minutes long
Victoria Shembo (1 month ago)
Can someone explain to me what he meant by the legitimacy of other’s narratives
Nick (1 month ago)
He’s saying that even though someone disagrees with you, you should still listen to them because they may be making a valid point worth considering.
Future blót (1 month ago)
Sorry to hear a lack of recognition for the fact that modern day capitalism continues to be run on child labour and slavery, the Congo alone is a good example of how capitalism continues to crush the most marginalized people in the name of profit.
John Smith (1 month ago)
Not enough capitalism!
Jay Rama (1 month ago)
Are rich people really the solution to poor people if they just keep getting richer? How do we know they won't just hoard the money? How do we know that they will give out more jobs and not just keep the profits all for themselves? I would keep it for myself and my family. Also the rich people are mostly jews and jews are notorious for hoarding money. That's how you stay rich, you hoard your money.
Noah Gaming (1 month ago)
death to socialism capitalism is greater
Gayatri Mehta (1 month ago)
Okay😂 I sucked in a huge breath when he started undressing🙈🙈🙈
Rupesh Tashildar (1 month ago)
YOU are not funny, stop trying to be funny
Simo EL AZZAB (1 month ago)
Capitalism is the only system that allows the poor to become rich. Socialism is the only system where EVERYONE is rich.
Nick (1 month ago)
You should ask a former member of the Soviet Union if they ever felt “rich.”
Anne-Sophie D. (1 month ago)
who on earth is or should be able to remember all this? it's killing me and im not sure its in a good or bad way. :D
Six12since02 (1 month ago)
Capitalism only works in theory.
Nick (1 month ago)
I think you mean socialism.
Abdullah Ada (1 month ago)
is the 8 bit flower on 12.40 real or a computer thing?
Be communist
Nick (1 month ago)
yeransian1493 (1 month ago)
wtf, Switzerland is a capitalist-socialist country. Why is this guy putting these two against each other? You are either a Communist-socialist or a capitalist-socialist.
JohnFruscianteMarkLa (1 month ago)
Socialism has become a dirty word but the Dumbasses in charge of the Democratic Party are pushing themselves further left even after the gigantic media bubble popped and this country is more conservative than ever. Hollywood is just now figuring out that we're all sick of the Liberal Media which is SO OBVIOUSLY controlled DIRECTLY by the DNC itself.
SamTHK GamerVn (1 month ago)
I’m from VN it is a socialism country but it is pretty capitalism
Wayne Wood (1 month ago)
I understand what's he's saying but I was looking for a shorter answer.
cryonide 369 (1 month ago)
why was the sky green in the thought bobble
The idiot Stalin saved the world from fascism
True capitalism has never been tried

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